Sunday, December 18, 2011

A Nation's Hope: The Story of Boxing Legend Joe Louis (Biography Picture Book)

Written by Matt de la Peña
Illustrated by Kadir Nelson

A picture book that introduces a new generation to the amazing, inspiring story of Joe Louis.

Matt de la Peña and Kadir Nelson have crafted a beautiful biography of the African-American boxer Joe Louis. The story weaves Louis' 1938 fight against German (and devote Nazi party member) Max Schmeling, and the young Louis' struggle in a very segregated America. This poetic telling of a physically and emotionally powerful individual is a book that must be shared with young students of all ages! 

In his formative years, Joe was ridiculed for his stutter. Words seemed to allude him. All that Joe had was his massive, powerful hands. His mother that this was a sign that he should play music. However, when she sent him to his first violin lesson, he skipped out and went to the gym next door. Destiny takes him by the hand. 

He returned day after day to the gym; his mother still thinking he was learning the violin. Joe's first times in the ring were not successful. Knocked down, beaten, and bruised, he kept coming back day after day. The other boxers at the gym became his mentors. Joe, when he became a professional boxer, was quite the sportsman. Although he might have knocked them out, he would help the opponent up and shake their hand. 

The book takes dead aim at history. Joe became a hero of the black community when he was fighting other Americans. Although Schmeling gave Louis his first professional loss in 1936, a rematch would united all (both black and white) America. On a June night in 1938, Joe Louis would stand to represent what all of America was feeling about the horrors happening in Europe. 

My current roommate, who is currently studying secondary English education, is hoping to use this picture book to introduce a lesson. At the high school level? YES! It can work. It is a wonderful way to introduce students to a piece of our twentieth century history that is often overlooked. 

If Kadir Nelson doesn't win the Caldecott Medal for this masterful picture book, I will be forced to go in the ring with the judging committee! (He was a previous Caldecott Honor winner...but this is his year!)

Boxing Legend Joe Louis!

America is Under Attack

Flash Point (August 16, 2011)
In Don Brown's latest, he tackles the tragic events of September 11, 2001. 
While tackling such an emotional event with children can be daunting, Brown gives an honest account of the events of the morning of Tuesday September 11, 2001.  A combination of factual information and personal accounts, this book is powerful as he documents fire chief Joseph Pfiefer leading his team of firemen to rescue people in the North Tower of the World Trade Center. 

The illustrations are strong and impressive, yet are not overly sensationalist or violent. The colors are muted blues and grays that clearly convey the mood and feeling of that horrific day in American history.

This picture book would be ideal for a fourth or fifth grade class during a discussion of 9/11. Using this book early in September during a school year would send a message that the literature and texts that we read in the classroom are going to be powerful and meaningful. Ideas of a discussion group can be found by following this link:  Teacher Guide

The Blues Go Extreme Birding

By Carol L. Malnor and Sandy F. Fuller
Illustrated by Louise Schroeder

Fabulous! A Portrait of Andy Warhol

Sea Horse, Run!

Going Solo (Memoir)

     By Roald Dahl

Boy (Memoir)

                                                                                                             Boy: Tales of Childhood

     Children's author Roald Dahl gives a glimpse of his childhood in his memoir entitled Boy: Tales of Childhood. Dahl, beloved writer of Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, The Witches, and Matilda, brings his clever writing style to this memoir. He is quick to point out the fact that Boy is, "not an autobiography." Dahl claims that this memoir is a collection of stories from his childhood that are etched in his mind. He writes of his accounts that, "some are funny. Some are painful. Some are unpleasant. I suppose that is why I have always remembered them so vividly. All are true."   

The stories Dahl recounts cover his formative years from birth to age twenty. He delves into this family's life before his birth, including how is father lost half of his arm.

So much of this memoir highlights his strong relationship with his mother. This is something personally I really enjoyed because I have such a strong relationship with my mother. I found myself becoming very fond of Dahl's mother, Sophie, and I really respected her choices as a single mother. For example, when she found out that Mr. Coombe's had used corporal punishment against her child, she tells Roald, "They don't beat small children like that where I come from. I won't allow it." I admired the fact that she would stand-up for her child against an evil headmaster.

The amount of abuse and neglect towards children is quite disturbing. It is shocking to think of a culture that was so dismissive and abusive towards children. If I would use this memoir in the classroom with my students, I feel that the topic of child abuse and discipline would be an important topic to broach with students.

Boy captures the essence of Roald Dahl's young life. You can clearly see the parallels between Dahl's personal experiences and his creative writing. (I wonder if the Matron at St. Peter's was inspiration for Miss Trunchbull in Matilda?)

Sunday, November 27, 2011

Charlie Joe Jackson's Guide to NOT Reading (Realistic Fiction)

Charlie Joe Jackson's Guide 

to Not Reading 

By Tommy Greenwald Illustrated by 

So refreshing and fun! The only obstacle that protagonist, Charlie, must overcome is trying to not read.

Proud to declare that he has never read an entire chapter book, Charlie Joe Jackson is a sixth grader with the charm and personality of a Hollywood star! 

Charlie Joe has been using his friend Timmy McGibney to complete his reading. If Charlie Joe gives Timmy an ice cream sandwich, then Timmy changes the agreement. He is know asking for more. Charlie, with his back against the wall (what was he going to do...actually READ? NO!) So, Charlie hatches a new plan to avoid reading at all cost. 

Charlie, Joe, and Jackson
Greenwald named his protagonist after his three sons Charlie, Joe, and Jack, who hated reading while in elementary and middle school. Charlie Joe Jackson includes twenty-five tips for not reading. His first tip for reading is that you should select a book with short chapters. And the chapters in Charlie Joe Jackson’s Guide to Not Reading are very short, yet very funny. 
Charlie Joe's Tip #13: "You Can Go To The Movies And Still Be Reading." Oh, Charlie Joe! 

Fifth or sixth graders, both those who love to read and those who are a little more resistant, will love. It is a fast read, full of Coovert's clever illustrations that are reminiscent of the Diary of a Wimpy Kid books and Nate the Great

I personally feel that it is nice to read a clever story about a typical middle school boy. There is no major life obstacle to overcome. The content is light and accessible to students (and to adults!). 

Sadly, I feel that this book might be discounted by many classroom teachers and other readers of children’s literature for its lack of meat and bones. This book is not high art. It is, however, a clever look into the mind of a sixth grader who tries to work the system to his advantage. A humorous and educational tome for all to read! 

Saturday, November 26, 2011

Benjamin Franklinstein Meets The Fright Brothers (Science Fiction Chapter Book)

Benjamin Franklinstein Meets The Fright Brothers  By Matthew McElligott and Larry Tuxbury

The second book in a series by Matthew McElligott and Larry Tuxburg, Benjamin Fraklinstein Meets The Fright Brothers is a fun science fiction chapter book that keeps kids engaged in through its adventure, scientific facts, and historical fiction. 

Victor Godwin has been trying to help Ben Franklin adjust to 21st century life after being in suspended animation for over two-hundred years. Victor, a young boy with promising potential to be a scientist, is helped by his friend Scott. Giant planes shaped like bats have been wreaking havoc on the city of Philadelphia. Victor, Scott, and Ben trace these attacks back to the bicycle shop owners, the Wright Brothers. However, they are now vampires. 

Along with tackling historical issues such as Ben's understanding of a women being mayor, we get to see a young boy trying to bring an individual from the past into the present. The book is skillfully illustrated with numerous diagrams of such things as the plans for the 1903 Wright Flyer and Benjamin Franklin's Kite Experiment. 

I believe that boys in fourth and fifth grade would love this book, but I can also see a lot of girls being interested too. The book is rich with social studies and science. What a great book for an interdisciplinary unit!


Ella Enchanted (Fantasy Book)

Ella Enchanted, a Newbery Honor Book, is a fractured fairy tale for the modern young girl.

When Ella was born, she was put under a curse by a fairy named Lucinda. Ella must to do whatever anyone commands her to do. Ella’s father, Sir Peter, is absent for much of her life. Her two favorite people are her mother, Lady Eleanor, and their cook.
“When I was almost fifteen, Mother and I caught cold. Mandy dosed us with her curing soup, made with carrots, leeks, celery, and hair from a unicorn’s tail. It was delicious, but we both hated to see those long yellow-white hairs floating around the vegetables.”

Sadly, Lady Eleanor succumb to the sickness. Sir Peter immediately returns to Frell to bury his wife. At the funeral, the Prince of Charmont, or Char, introduces himself to Ella. He is a kind young gentleman, and the son of King Jerrold. Mandy reveals to Ella that she is a fairy. “She was going to. She promised. Please tell, Mandy.” “I am.”  “You are not telling me. Who is it?”
“Me. Your fairy godmother is me. Here, taste the carrot soup. It’s for dinner. How is it?”

Sir Peter decides to send Ella away to finishing school. She is accompanied by Dame Olga’s horrible children, Hattie and Olive. Before they leave for the finishing school, Mandy gives Ella her Lady Eleanor’s necklace so she can have a piece of her mother with her while she is away. Not too soon into the journey, Hattie realizes the “curse” that Ella is under. Hattie soon gets Ella to hand over her mother’s beautiful necklace.

At school, Ella meets a dear girl named Areida from neighboring Ayortha. Hattie sees their blossoming relationship and orders Ella to stop being friends with Areida because, “You shouldn’t associate with the lower orders, like that wench from Ayortha.” 

Ella then runs away from the finishing school. She travels to a wedding of a giant were her father is. On the way, she is kidnapped by a gaggle of ogres. Trying to reason with them in their native tongue, Ella is soon rescued by Prince Char.

Ella’s father decides to marry the evil Dame Olga, which would make the disgusting Hattie and Olive her step-sisters. Ella sets out to find Lucinda, the fairy who placed the curse upon her. When confronted, a quite air-headed Lucinda tells Ella that she should be happy about her special gifts.  

The friendship between Char and Ella increases. He soon leaves on a mission to Ayortha, but continues to correspond with Ella via letter. Soon, they fall in love with each other. When Prince Char writes of his love for Ella, she realizes that her curse could put the whole kingdom of Kyrria in grave danger. Ella rejects Char’s proposals. Crushed, he comes back to Kyrria to attend a three night ball giving by his father, the king.

Ella, with Mandy and Lucinda, attends the last night of the ball. She has disguised herself as Lela and wears a mask. A viciously jealous Hattie tears off Ella’s mask while her and Prince Char were dancing. Ella runs out of the party, only to be tracked down by Char. When he orders her hand in marriage, Ella refuses, thus breaking the lifelong curse. And…yes, they lived happily ever after. 
Gail Carson Levine 
I must confess that the fantasy genre is not one of my favorites. I love science fiction, but fantasy books are tough for me to read. Especially anything that takes place in a medieval kingdom. When Ella speaks Gnomic and Ogrese, I fully cannot commit myself to the story. I lose myself in thinking about how she would be saying the words, and not thinking about the story. I don’t know why I can do this when it is in a book, but I often enjoy it in plays and movies. Perhaps it is because I know that the dramatic literature is intended to be performed and not just words on a page.

Ella Enchanted really did please me. She is a modern adaptation of Cinderella. I would consider Ella Enchanted a postmodern examination of the Charles Perrault classic Cinderella fairy tale. Levine seems to explain every detail in her version of the fairy tale realm. So often, it is hard to find strong female characters for young girls to read. I have been noticing that a lot of children’s literature either deals with the girl who can get her life together, or the boy who is lazy. Are these the messages we want to start sending our young students? 

Perhaps, I am just bitter. The "happily ever after" life seems to eluded me. I guess you could say that I am jealous of Ella and her ability to overcome such tremendous obstacles. Perhaps, one day, I will find my way!

Wednesday, November 2, 2011

Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry

Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry 
by Mildred D. Taylor

Cassie Logan and her family battled the repulsive racism that was rampant in the Deep South during the Great Depression of the United States in the 1930s. In Mississippi during the Depression, African-Americans suffered unjustified and brutal attacks by certain members of the white population. The one saving grace of the Logan family is that they own their own land. During the Depression, sharecropping was commonplace for both black and white families (remember the Joads from The Grapes of Wrath?)
The family consisted of our narrator and protagonist, Cassie. She has three brothers, oldest child Stacey, heavy-set Christopher-John, and the youngest and most concerned with tidiness, Little Man (Clayton Chester). Mama Mary Logan was a seventh-grade teacher at the Great Faith Elementary and Secondary School, where the children attended. Big Ma (Grandma Logan) took care of the farm and helped out with the children. Papa David Logan, who laid railroad track in Louisanna, was often absent from the family physically, but not mentally or emotionally. Cassie says:
I asked him once why he had to go away, why the land was so important. He took my hand and said in his quiet way: “Look out there, Cassie girl. All that belongs to you. You ain’t never had to live on nobody’s place but your own and long as I live and the family survives, you’ll never have to. That’s important. You may not understand that now, but one day you will. Then you’ll see.”
On the first day of school, used books were being issued to the students. Little Man, who doesn’t like anything dirty, refused to take the book that Miss Crocker issued him. Cassie, after opening up the book, soon realized that the books had been used for ten years by white students, and are only now being used by black students.
Miss Crocker rushed to Little Man and grabbed him up in powerful hands. She shook him vigorously, then set him on the floor again. “Now, just what’s gotten into you Clayton Chester?”
But Little Man said nothing. He just stood staring down at the open book, shivering with indignant anger.
“Pick it up,” she ordered.
“No!” defied Little Man.
“No? I’ll give you ten seconds to pick up that book, boy, or I’m going to get my switch.”
Miss Crocker, the anti-model for classroom management, did not seem to realize that not only was Little Man unhappy about the physical condition of the book, but the symbolic nature of the book being used and given to the students as a “special” treat.

On the way to the first day of school, T.J. Avery, the Eddie Haskel of the book, informs the Logan children of a midnight burning that severely injured an African-American family named Berry. When news came of Mr. Samuel Berry’s nephew’s death and the details of the attack by white men were revealed, Papa informs the family and their company that, “In this family, we don’t shop at the Wallace store.”
While Papa was back for the weekend, he brought a man home named L.T. Morrison. Morrison used to work on the railroad, but said that he was let go because of a fight with white bosses. Morrison was a large man. Cassie began to wonder why her father had really hired this man.
The white children in the community who go to, you guessed it, the Jefferson Davis school on a bus, often would splash mud all over the children headed to Great Faith school. Shouts of racial epithets came from the only white children on the bus. One particularly rainy October day, the Logan children had taken enough of the abuse. They, lead by usually subdued Stacey, snuck out at lunchtime and dug a huge hole in the unpaved, dirt road. After school, when the bus from Jefferson Davis came down the road, it hit the gigantic hole and busted the buses axle. HAHA! As Cassie says, “Oh, how sweet was well-maneuvered revenge!”
That evening, Mr. Avery stopped by to inform the family that his wife Fannie, a maid for Harlan Granger, a white, wealthy man, had seen Mr. Granger, the bus driver, and two other men talking. It is revealed that the midnight riders of white men would be out this evening. The Logan children, who had been told to go to bed, but were spying on the conversation, feared that their earlier actions of revenge might have caused a ripple of retaliation. Cassie snuck out of the house in time to see the caravan of white men and Mr. Morrison guarding the house with a shotgun. The cars with the white men soon retreated past the Logan farm.
Guilt seems to absorb the Logan children. However, the children, with the exception of Stacey, have taken an interest in Mr. Morrison. Stacey believes because he is the oldest, he should be taking care of the farm. Stacey is a loyal young man. He even takes the blame for T.J. trying to cheat on a history test in Mama’s class. After he received his punishment from Mrs. Logan, Stacey found out that T.J. had gone up to the Wallace store. Stacey, defying his father’s instructions, races to the Wallace store to beat up T.J. The rest of the Logan children follow and are soon found by Morrison. He said that he would leave the decision to tell Mama Logan about their breaking the rules.
“How come, Mr. Morrison? he asked. “How come you ain’t gonna to tell Mama?”  Mr. Morrison slowed Jack as we turned into the road leading home. “’Cause I’m leaving it up to you to tell her.”
Stacey eventually told his mother that he had chased T.J. to the Wallace store to beat him up and that Morrison stopped the fight. He never mention that his sister and two brothers had been there as well. She scolded the children, but did not whip them. She had a better idea: They would visit Mr. Samuel Berry, disfigured from the attacks and fire from the white midnight riders.
Big Ma tells Cassie that Mr. Granger has been troubling her about the land. The Grangers were quite poor at the time that Big Ma and her husband, Grandpa Paul Edward, bought the land that they have.
“Now all the boys I got is my baby boys, your papa and your Uncle Hammer, and this they place as much as it is mine. They blood’s in this land, and here that Harlan Granger always talkin’ bout buyin’ it. He pestered Paul Edward to death ‘bout buyin’ it, now he peterin’ me. Humph!” she grumped angrily. “He don’t know nothin’ about me or this land, he think I’m gonna sell!”
Big Ma is the rock of the family. She is the link between the past and the future. However, the family is stuck within this violent, irrational present. This part of the book really reminded me of my family. We have our farm, our property, and we all cherish it. Trying to sell, at least this moment in life, is really out of the question.
While visiting Mr. Berry, the children witnessed the brutality of the midnight riders.
A still form lay there staring at us with glittering eyes. The face had no nose, and the head no hair; the skin was scarred, burned, and the lips were wizened black, like charcoal.
After leaving the Berry’s, Mama Logan was quick to let her children know that the Wallace’s were responsible for what happened to Mr. Berry. Mrs. Logan, on the way home, begins her campaign to boycott the Wallace store. They stop by many house trying to recruit willing participants.
When Big Ma takes Stacey, Cassie, and T.J. to Strawberry for a trip to the market, trouble ensues. While Big Ma visits with Mr. Wade Jamison, a white lawyer who is an ally to the African-American community, the children go to the mercantile store. This was T.J.’s idea (of course) and against Big Ma’s instructions. At Barnett’s mercantile store, T.J. is assisted at first, then when white customers come in is left while Mr. Barnett attends to them first. After taking care of them, he returns to help T.J. Then, when it happens again, Cassie reminds Mr. Barnett that they were there first. She raises quite a ruckus: “We been waiting on you for near an hour,” I hissed, “while you ‘round here waiting on everyone else. And it ain’t fair. You got no right—“
Screaming, outraged and humiliated, Cassie was thrown out of the store. That is where she bumps into Lillian Jean Simms, Jeremy Simms sisters. Jeremy was not racist, unlike the rest of his family. He was friendly with the Logan children. But his sister, Lillian Jean, and his father, who is really one of the midnight riders, were staunch racists. They force Cassie to make an apology.
When Big Ma, Stacey, and Cassie return home from Strawberry, they see a car that resembles Mr. Grangers. It is revealed to be Uncle Hammers, who has driven in from Chicago. When he hears about the day’s events, he immediately storms out to find Charlie Simms and confront him about the injustice that Cassie has suffered. Big Ma pleas, “Let it be, son! That child ain’t hurt!” Morrison is quick to follow him, and talks him out of doing anything rash. Hammer, a very passionate man, gives Stacey a wool coat as a gift. True to form, T.J. makes fun of Stacey and says, “Like I said, it’s all right…if you like lookin’ like a fat preacher.”  T.J. eventually cons Stacey into giving him the jacket.
Papa Logan returned on Christmas Eve. The Logan family, and Mr. Morrison, gathered for a delicious feast. Nestled around the fireplace, the adults began to share stories of the past. The most gut-wrenching story was the one told by Morrison. He conveyed a story of a Christmas right after Reconstruction. His mother and father were killed by white night riders. Morrison says: “But my mama and daddy they loved each other and they loved us children, and that Christmas they fought them demons out of hell like avenging angels of the Lord.” “They died that night. Them night men kilt ‘em. Some folks tell me I can’t remember what happened that Christmas—I warn’t hardly six years old—but I remembers all right. I makes myself remember.” Although Mama Logan didn’t really want the children to hear this tale of woe, Papa wanted the children to hear their history. Cassie unable to sleep because of the disturbing story, overhears the family talking about using the farm as collateral so that other black families can have credit to shop other places beside Wallace’s.
On Christmas Day, the children are thrilled to receive books, bananas, licorice, and new clothes from Uncle Hammer. Jeremy Simms stops by to deliver a bag full of nuts and a whistle for Stacey. Papa warns Stacey that the Simms family is very racist, and that a relationship with him might lead to trouble.
The day after Christmas, Papa doled out the punishment to the children for defying his rules and going to the Wallace store. That afternoon, Mr. Jamison came to visit. He came with documents to legally transfer ownership of the farm to Papa Logan and Uncle Hammer from Big Ma. Mr. Jamison also agrees to back credit for the families that are boycotting the Wallace’s. He says: “my wife and I discussed it fully. We realize what could happen…But I’m just wondering if you do. Besides the fact that a number of white folks around here resent this land you’ve got and your independent attitude, there’s Harlan Granger. Now I’ve know Harlan all my life, and he’s not going to like this.”  
I really like the character of Jamison. In the haze of the Deep South, he seems to truly understand equality. He also realizes that Granger wants no part of it! Soon, Papa, Uncle Hammer, and Morrison were off to Vicksburg to pick up a wagon full of supplies that folks had ordered.
Harlan Granger soon comes to visit the Logan’s. After a tense tet-a-tet with Uncle Hammer, then Papa Logan, Granger leaves after laying down the gauntlet: “Mr. Joe Higgins up at First National told me that he couldn’t hardly honor a loan to folks who go around stirring up a lot of bad feelings in the community—“
That’s right! Harlan Granger thinks that he can retain his power, acquire more land, and continue his reign of racism by threatening to foreclose on the Logan property. It is hard not to see parallels between what is currently happening in the United State now and what was occurring during the Great Depression. Sure, we have come a long way…but where have we ended up? Would the Logan family have been “Occupying Vicksburg?”
Uncle Hammer departs for the North on New Year’s Day. Cassie tries to be as accommodating to Lillian Jean Simms as she can.  What were Cassie’s intentions in trying to be friendly to Lillian Jean? She tries to explain the “differences” between them to a very uninterested Lillian Jean. She pleases Lillian Jean by carrying her books to school and acting as her “slave.” Until one day, when Cassie’s plan came to completion. Cassie asked Lillian Jean into the woods and then unleashed a massive beating on her. She pinned her, pulled her hair, and forced her to apologize for the injustice in Strawberry.
However, injustice rears its ugly head again, when Granger and other members of the board of education come to Mama Logan’s classroom. They discover that she has altered the textbooks (really, she just tried to repair them) and that is she is teaching the truth and not from some white, Anglo-Saxon written textbook. Ultimately, she is fired from her position. Devastated, Mama did have the support of Papa and the rest of the family. Little Willie Wiggins soon reveals to Stacey that it was T.J. that told one of the Wallace brothers about Mama Logan altering the textbooks. The Logan children stand with the family, and turn their back on T.J. Avery.
Threats come as the Spring and Summer months follow. Cassie finds out from Jeremy that T.J. has been hanging out with the Simms brothers. Families came to Papa Logan to tell him that Mr. Granger and other white land owners are threatening not to pay workers a fair wage if they don’t stop shopping from Vicksburg and don’t start purchasing from the Wallace’s. On a trip to Vicksburg, Papa Logan, Morrison, and Stacey are rushed by a group of white men. Although Morrison fights them off, Papa is left with a broken leg, only adding to the Logan’s financial turmoil. In all of this chaos, we see Stacey emerging, not even thirteen yet, as a young man capable of handling tumultuous situations.
On a trip to the Wiggins, Morrison takes the children with him. On the return home, Kaleb Wallace pulls his truck into the middle of the road barring Morrison and the Logan children’s wagon from passing.

“Mr. Morrison circled the truck, studying it closely. Then he returned to its front and, bending at the knees with his back against the grill, he positioned his large hands beneath the bumper. Slowly, his muscles flexing tightly against his thin shirt and the seat popping off his skin like oil on water, he lifted the truck in one fluid, powerful motion until the front was several inches off the ground and slowly walked it to the left of the road, where he set id down as gently as a sleeping child.”
I love Papa Logan’s response to Mama Logan about what the repercussions of Morrison’s actions might be…He says just let it be!
“The bank called up the note.” Ah…the words I didn’t want to see in this book! Papa Logan has to inform Uncle Hammer, who sells his car to get the money to pay off the loan. During the last day of the August revival at the Great Faith Church, T.J. approaches the Logan children who are not impressed with his friendship with the Simms brothers. They immediately turn their back on T.J. Although he seems hurt, he follows the Simms brothers.
CLIMAX: However, a beaten T.J. soon ends up at the Logan’s doorstep. A huge thunderstorm looms in the background. T.J. tells the Logan children that he has been to Strawberry with the Simms brothers. They went to buy a pistol, but when the store was not open, the broke in and robbed it. In this breaking and entering, they managed to wake Mr. Barnett and beat him up. The Simms brothers had stocking over their faces, while T.J. did not. The Logan children decide to help T.J. get to his home. After returning to his house, T.J., his family, and the Logan children are bum-rushed by an anger white mob. The crowd descends, looking for the black children they think are responsible for the break-in at Barnett’s. Mr. Jamison quickly shows up to try to contain the crowd. But, the blood-thirsty group not only wants them, but Papa Logan and Morrison. Cassie, Christopher-John, and Little Man race to the Logan farm. Cassie informs the family of what is going on at the Avery’s. Papa Logan and Morrison leave to go to the Avery’s, both packing heat.
Mama Logan notices that the cotton fields are on fire. Her and Big Ma try to fight the flames. Cassie and Little Man are woken up by Jeremy, who informs them that the fire has been subdued. Cassie sees that both black and white people are fighting the fire. Cassie, as is her nature, questions the events that have happened. But, she soon realizes that Papa is the one who is responsible for the fire. 

Saturday, October 29, 2011

The Town that Fooled the British: A War of 1812 Story (Historical Non Fiction Picture Book)

By Lisa Papp 
Illustrated by Robert Papp

St. Michael's, Maryland, also known as, "The Town that Fooled the British," is artistically documented in the Papp's picture book. 

The story centers around Henry Middle and his family  in the summer of 1813, at the height of the War of 1812. The British were targeting the Chesapeake Bay. On news that the British would soon be coming to St. Michael's, Henry's father suits up and grabs his musket. But, can the town's militia defeat the powerful British navy fleet? 

"Henry imagined British soldiers foraging through their garden, taking what they pleased. He refused to think about what could happen to his house and to the room he had always shared with his sister. Beneath the darkening skies, some of Henry's fear was replaced with anger." 

At home with his mother and sister, Henry insisted to his mother that they do something. She sends him off with two lanterns. Thrust into the middle of the action, Henry searches for his father among the men ready to fight off the British. As the Royal Navy creeped up the upon the tiny shipbuilding town, the men devise a plan hang lanterns in trees, ships, and houses to give the allusion that the town was destroyed. Although the British did fire upon the town but a couple of times, St. Michael's was spared the destruction it would have faced. 

Husband and wife team, Lisa and Robert Papp demonstrate that working together as a couple can actually produce a genuinely solid product. (Unlike my parents, who have worked together for almost forty-years and still instill on fighting over petty work details!) On his website, Robert writes that, "Lisa has fashioned a wonderfully exciting adventure about a small seaside town threatened during the War Of 1812, clinging to hope because of the very big idea belonging to a small boy." And it is true! The thrilling narrative is both captivating and informative. 

At the end of the book, Lisa Papp writes: "In telling this small part of a larger story, I hope to spark an interest in a much-overlooked part of our country's heroic beginnings." I believe that she has accomplished that goal. 

Robert Papp's illustrations are breathtaking and add so much to the narrative. A mix of bright and dark colors are illuminated on the page. This historical fiction picture book is a wonderful introduction to the War of 1812. I feel that third, fourth, and fifth graders would appreciate the awesome illustrations, be mesmerized by the story, and learn something about America's past from this book!

Good resources for teacher's using The Town that Fooled the British in the classroom

Cinderella (Fantasy/Folk Tale)

Cinderella, or The Little Glass Slipper
Translated and Illustrated by Marcia Brown
Atheneum Books for Young Readers (1971)
Caldecott Medal Book

Three time Caldecott Medal Winner Marcia Brown translates the tale classic tale of Cinderella from Charles Perrault. 

Marcia Brown has skillfully retold the French fairy tale of Cinderella, the young, beautiful girl that is harshly mistreated by her step-mother and step-sisters. Brown has successfully translated the trials and tribulations of Cinderella as she is made a slave to her evil step-family. 

"The poor girl put up with everything. She dared not complain, even to her father. He would only have scolded her, because--alas!--he was tied hand and foot to his wife's apron strings." 

As the traditional story goes, the young prince is giving a grand ball. The evil step-sisters were invited to the ball, however, Cinderella was denied an invite. She simply catered to her step-sisters as the prepared for the ball. After the carriage departed, Cinderella wept with sadness. Then, her fairy godmother appeared. Cinderella was comforted by her godmother as she said, "Well, just be a good girl. I'll see that you go." 

Fairy godmother worked her magic and turned a pumpkin, mice, and lizards into a grand coach with footmen. With the flick of her wand, the fairy godmother transformed Cinderella's ragged clothes into a beautiful gown accented with tiny glass slippers. The one rule: "Do not stay a moment after midnight. If you do, your coach will turn back into a pumpkin, your horses into mice, your footmen into lizards and your riches into rags." 

At the ball, Cinderella dazzles and has caught the eye of the young prince. "Oh, how beautiful she is!" Hearing the clock chime 11:45PM, Cinderella made a mad dash towards her coach. The next night, similar events occurred. However, when she ran towards her coach, with the prince following closely behind, she dropped one of her glass slippers. The prince soon set out to find out who the slipper belonged. Finally, it is revealed to be Cinderella, and they lived....well, you know the rest. 

From the American Library Association website, "The Caldecott Medal "shall be awarded to the artist of the most distinguished American Picture Book for Children published in the United States during the preceding year. The award shall go to the artist, who must be a citizen or resident of the United States, whether or not he be the author of the text."

The illustrations are choppy and sketch-like. The color palate relies on shades of the three primary colors (red, blue, and yellow). Truly, I feel that the illustrations lack the imagination that Brown produced in Once a Mouse. Although they are much more imaginative and whimsical than the Disney movie characters, they do not support the story. Brown's reinterpretation of Perrault's classic is much more engaging than the images that accompany the story. 

I would definitely use this version of Cinderella as a read aloud to children in second or third grade. It is wonderful for those students that dream of happy endings, but appealing to everyone who enjoys a good story!

Monday, October 24, 2011


By Phyllis Reynolds Naylor                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                  Set in the rural Appalachian hills of West Virginia along the Ohio River Valley, Shiloh, the 1992 Newbery Medal winning book, tells the story of young Marty Preston and his compassion for a young beagle dog being mistreated by his owner. Marty names the dog Shiloh, after the small area of Tyler County.  The dog's owner, Judd Travers, is mistreats his animals, hunts out of season, and will often cheat the local shop owner, Mr. Wallace. 

When the beagle dog Shiloh follows Marty home, Marty's dad, Ray Preston, insists that it be returned to its owner. When the Shiloh returns, Marty decides to hide the dog. After Shiloh is attacked by another dog, it is revealed that Marty is harboring the dog. A visit to the veterinarian, and Shiloh is once again returned to abusive Judd Travers.   

Reading Shiloh for a student in West Virginia is probably the equivalent of reading Bridge to Terabithia for a young Virginian student.Phyllis Reynolds Naylor has uncannily captured the vernacular of this particular part of West Virginia. Typically the dialect in this region is not conventionally southern, but a mixture of a distinct Appalachian blend influenced by the area’s close proximity to Pittsburgh, PA. Evident when the vile Judd Travers says: 
“He’s no dog to me at all the way he keeps runnin’ off. It’s fourth time he’s left the pack when I had him out huntin’. I got to teach him a lesson. Whup him good and starve him lean. Wondered if you’d seen him.” This particular dialect seems to rely simply on important words, with no consideration of syntax. (You should he my mother and I have a conversation!)

The book is often read during third, fourth, or fifth grade. The short chapters and simplistic language are easy for young students. But, I believe it is the story of a young boy standing up for what he believes is right that is the most captivating for students. Marty tells Judd: "I'll get the game warden up here, show him the spot the doe was hit, the blood, and when he finds the deer at your place, he'll believe me."Marty begins to assert his position and will no longer stand for Judd Travers' dirty dealings. Is Marty justified in his blackmail, or has he sunk to the likes of Judd just to save a dog? These are the rich questions students begin to tackle as the read this book. 

Eleven-year old Marty lives with his parents and two sisters in the small town of Friendly, WV. The towns of Sistersville, Friendly, and Middlebourne are all real places. I have made a map here to show the different places in the area.

My grandmother particularly loved this book because she grew up in the orphanage in Middlebourne (pictured left). To be able reconnect to her childhood, and ask those ethical questions in which Marty struggles with, I believe the book really made an impact on her. She suffered great abuse at the hands of many people like Judd Travers who would foster her and her sister, Pearl. Once, when we were visiting Tyler County, she mentioned how many people use to have animals, and how poorly these animals were treated. If there was no financial gain involved, then animals were usually just abused and neglected. I often wonder if that is how she felt growing up an orphan? 

Compelling and compassionate, Shiloh has helped shed light on the very dark subject of abuse. The power of the human-animal bond, as well as the moral and ethical dilemmas, are presented well in this novel. A classic piece of children's literature, Shiloh can be enjoyed by all ages. 

Sunday, October 2, 2011

Picture Yourself Writing Poetry: Using Photos to Inspire Writing

Picture Yourself Writing Poetry: Using Photos to Inspire Writing 
Capstone Press, 2011
“The best poems are magical, miniature worlds.”

Laura Purdie Salas has constructed a “how-to” guide for young writers wanting to write poetry. She asserts that, “A great  poem is like a short vacation to an exotic land.”  First, she spells out the writing process, detailing prewriting, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing. She then begins to focus on the use of photography to generate ideas for writing poetry. She offers a photo of two girls legs with stripped stocks and bright colored shoes. She asks: “Do you think of the Wicked Witch from the Wizard of Oz? A striped prison uniform? Shoe shopping with your mom?” Clearly her objective is to get kids to generate ideas from images.
Salas continues to define sensory language, metaphors, concrete nouns, imagery, filler words, and randomization in poetry. Salas writes about character and voice. She makes it clear to students that not every poem needs to be written in first person. The book includes a glossary, internet sites, a list of book resources, and an index. Using this with upper elementary students would be great for supporting their use of resource materials.
This book would be a great way for fourth or fifth graders to start writing poetry. I like her visual approach to the written word. Some of the photos in the book are quite compelling. She writes that, “Poems are powerful tools that can help strengthen your poems.”
Laura Purdie Salas has recently written another book called, Bookspeak: Poems about Books. Check out the trailer below!